Deshima モンタヌスの出島


モンタヌス著の「Deshima(出島)」です。 [1669年]



アルノルドゥス・モンタヌス(Arnoldus Montanus、1625年 - 1683年)は、オランダの宣教師、歴史学者。

世界中の地理歴史についての書物を多数著した。日本に関しては、1669年著の『東インド会社遣日使節紀行』(通称「日本誌」 独:Gedenkwaerdige Gesantschappen der Oost-Indische Maetschappy aen de Kaisaren van Japan)がある。ただし、自身は一度も来日しておらず、イエズス会士の報告書や、使節の江戸参府紀行に基づいて著したとされる。


Title: Deshima'KONB11')/

Date of creation: 1669
Place of creation: Amsterdam
Source: 388 A 6 (illustratie), Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Copyright: for information contact: Koninklijke Bibliotheek
Remark: From: Gedenkwaerdige Gesantschappen (Memorable Missions)

Deshima is an artificial island in the bay of Nagasaki; its fan shape is easily recognizable. Originally, it was built by the Portuguese. After the Portuguese were banned from Japan, the Japanese authorities forced the Dutch to settle on Deshima. The Deshima trading post consisted mainly of warehouses and dwelling houses. The island was under close surveillance and the Dutch left only for the annual journey to the Shogun’s court and in exceptional cases. Only people having the right pass could go to the island. Generally, some 15 to 20 Dutch people lived on Deshima. Most VOC officials considered Deshima an easy post, where they could quietly earn their pay.